Carl Bernhard Trinius 1778 – 1844

Carl Bernhard TriniusCarl (Karl) Bernhard Trinius 1778 – 1844 MD (photo used courtesy of Gilbert von Studnitz) was a German orthodox physician, poet and botanist, who converted to homeopathy in 1826 (approximately).

Trinius founded the Botanical Museum in St. Petersburg and was a physician and teacher of Tsar Alexander II and Tsar Nicholas I.

Bernhard Trinuis was the nephew of Samuel Hahnemann, and he was an orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy.

I am indebted to Gilbert von Studnitz, great great grandson of Michael von Bulmerincq for the *following information from his family archives:

*Carl Bernhard von Trinius was awarded the Order of St. StanislausOrder of St. Stanislaus, as well as the II Class of the Order_of_St._AnnaOrder of St. Anna.

*The actual insignia Michael von Bulmerincq wore he received from his father in law, Carl Bernhard von Trinius, who gave him the Order of St. Vladimir IV Class that he himself had received personally from Tsar Alexander I, who had taken it off his own chest to award to Carl Bernhard von Trinius.

Trinius was born on 7 März 1778 in Eisleben. He was the son of evangelical pastor Trinius Johann Anton (1772-1784) and Charlotte Hahnemann (1752-1812), a sister of the famous founder of homeopathy, Samuel Hahnemann.

His father died young, and so his mother married the teacher Dr. Müller from Eisleben. After graduating from high school in Eisleben, Trinius studied medicine between 1792-1802, first in Jena, then in Halle, where he continued his interest in botany, and then in Leipzig. He received his doctorate in 1802.

After graduating Trinius moved into the German Russian Baltic provinces, and then to Russia to work, and in Dorpat he received an immediate place on the farm in Gawen Kurland. Soon after he apparently moved into the city Hasenpoth in Latvia, where he met the poet Ulrich von Schlippenbach (1774-1826) and the writer Mirbach.

In 1804, he married Josepha Boriskovski (1775-1857). They had a daughter Amalie (1805-91) who married Surgeon Major General Dr. Michael von Bulmerincq in 1831.

In 1808, Trinius had his practice in Hasenpoth and had became the personal physician to Antoinette, Duchess of Württemberg. Until the death of the Duchess in 1824, he took many tripsthroughout Germany and Russia and he met many famous and outstanding people. Trinius accompanied the duchess between 1811-1815 to St. Petersburg, where he was friends with Ernst Moritz Arndt. Between 1816-1822 Trinius lived in Wizebsk (Belarus).

In 1822 Trinius returned to St. Petersburg, and became a full member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. When the Duchess died in 1824, he was appointed as the imperial physician.  Trinius now settled in St. Petersburg, and between 1829-1833, Trinius instructed Tsar Alexander II in the natural sciences.

In 1830, Trinius devoted his medical practice to the study of homeopathy He corresponded with his uncle, Samuel Hahnemann, and from 1836, he travelled abroad frequently on behalf of the Imperial Academy of the botanical collections.

After several strokes, 1837 in Munich and 1838 in Dresden, he died in 1844 in St. Petersburg of dropsy in the bosom of his family.

Trinius wrote 34 botanical treatises, and published many botanical manuscripts. Shortly before his death bequeathed his Herbarium of Carl Bernhard von Trinius, a botanical collection of plants from 4000 to 5000 documents that are still of fundamental scientific importance, and housed in the Botanical Museum of St. Petersburg.

These include many notes and detailed drawings, which were prepared by Trinius. In 1994, in a joint project between the Komarov Botanical Institute and the Smithsonian Institute (USA), was begun to create a digital catalog. In 1995, the Trinius collection was published on microfiche.

Bernhard Trinius wrote a few poems, which were published in magazines and pocket books, amnd after his death, two of his friends created a collection of his poems. The botanist Georg Franz Hoffmann named in honor of Trinius the plant genus fiber umbrella of the Umbelliferae family as Trinia.

Of interest:

Carl Bernhard Trinius is sometimes listed as “von Trinius”….strictly speaking this is incorrect, as Trinius received hereditary Russian nobility, which does not convey use of the “von”, as German nobility generally does.

7 thoughts on “Carl Bernhard Trinius 1778 – 1844”

  1. Hi,

    I just noticed your website with its article on my gtgtgtgrandfather Carl Bernhard Trinius, son of Samuel Hahnemann’s sister Charlotte, my 4xgtgdmother. You note Carl Bernhard’s daughter Amalie married Russian Major General Michael von MD Bulmerincq in 1831. This couple were my gtgtgrandparents, and a slight correction to Bulmerincq’s name: He was a medical doctor, so MD was not part of his name, but his degree. He is more properly listed as Russian Major General Dr. Michael von Bulmerincq.

    with best regards,

    Gilbert von Studnitz
    (proud to be Samuel Hahnemann’s 4xgreatgrand nephew.)

  2. Hi Gilbert von Studnitz

    I am extremely pleased that you took the time to write and I have amended the title of Russian Major General Dr. Michael von Bulmerincq as you suggest.

    We have special reason to thank you and your family for the wonder of Samuel Hahnemann and his amazing homeopathy, without which we would be at the mercy of the pharmaceutical companies and their iatrogenic legacy.

    Because of Samuel Hahnemann and his discovery, the World has a chance to fly free into a new dawn.

    Yours in hope and inspiration.

    (proud to be walking in Samuel Hahnemann’s footsteps)

  3. Hi Sue,

    One more note, General Dr. von Bulmerincq was one of the “friends” (so actually his son-in-law) mentioned above as co-editor of the collection of Trinius’ poems published in 1848. Bulmerincq was also a devoted homeopathic physician.

    G. v. St.

  4. Hi Myra

    Unfortunately, no!

    All you see is all I have… though I will send out some feelers and see if I can find anything out for you…


  5. Myra, I might be able to help just a little.

    I’m descended from Carl Bernhard’s uncle, pastor Johann Anton’s older brother, Franz Friedrich Bernhard Trinius (1718-74), my 6x-Great grandfather. According to family genealogist Felix von Schroeder (“Die Familie Schröder – von Schröder aus Königsberg i. Pr., Band 2: Die Geschwister Felix, Heinrich, Irene v. Schröder — Ahnenlisten, Stammlisten, Nachfahrenlisten”, Krailing 1989), Johann Anton’s first wife (also first-cousin), Friederike Auguste (1730-67), bore him Curt Trinius (~1752-1806+), Anton Bernhard Trinius (1754-64, the poor lad), and Auguste Friederike Sophie Dorothea Trinius (1758-80+).

    Charlotte Gerhardine Hahnemann (1752-1812), Johann Anton’s second wife (and her second husband), bore him five children: an unnamed son (~1772-1819+), Johann Anton Bernhard Trinius (1773-91+), our friend Carl, and the twins Heinrich Gottlieb (1726-34, another young death) and Anna Rebecca Trinius (1726 – ).

    Carl Bernhard Trinius’s wife, Josepha Karolina Borikowski (daughter of a Gottlieb Borikowski), whom he married in 1804, gave him two children: Amalie Charlotte Trinius (1805-91), and the second daughter whom you’re looking for. Unfortunately, all the genealogist has on this second daughter, as of 1989, is that she was alive in 1840.

    Bradford’s “Pioneers of Homeopathy” has a page on him (… although that doesn’t offer further details either; sigh.

    At one time, a Hans-Jürgen Murer had a page up with Carl’s/Karl’s poem “Des Bergmanns Leiche”. The page is gone now (I saved an MHT copy, though, on 3/11/06); it listed his mailing address at the time as Eichelloheweg 20, Hemau, 93155; and his email address then was [email protected]. (His then-domain “” has also since evaporated.)

    Myra, I hope I’ve at least given you one more lead; good luck, and best wishes and happy digging to you!

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