Clement Richard Attlee 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, PC, FRS 1883 – 1967 was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951, and as Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955. He was Deputy Prime Minister under Winston Churchill in the wartime coalition government,
Attlee was Prime Minister when the National Health Service came into being, and they made sure it included provision for homeopathy within it.
Attlee was a Secretary to Beatrice Webb, he served George VI (who was a patient of Thomas Jeeves Horder, John Weir and William Wilson Rorke, and who called one of his racehorses horses Hypericum, and conferred the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital with title), and Elizabeth II, and his political colleagues included Aneurin Bevan, Ernest Bevin, Arthur Neville Chamberlain, Richard Stafford Cripps, John Maynard Keynes 1st Baron Keynes,
Attlee also knew Alan John Percivale Taylor,
The Beveridge Report was founded on three guiding principles:
- Proposals for the future should not be limited by “sectional interests” in learning from experience and that a “revolutionary moment in the world’s history is a time for revolutions, not for patching”.
- Social insurance is only one part of a “comprehensive policy of social progress”. The five giants on the road to reconstruction were Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness.
- Policies of social security “must be achieved by co-operation between the State and the individual”, with the state securing the service and contributions. The state ” should not stifle incentive, opportunity, responsibility; in establishing a national minimum, it should leave room and encouragement for voluntary action by each individual to provide more than that minimum for himself and his family”.