Charles II Duke of Parma 1799 – 1883

Charles II Duke of Parma (Charles Louis of Bourbon Parma) (Carlo Ludovico di Borbone Parma) 1799 – 1883 was King of Etruria (1803–1807), Duke of Lucca (1824–1847), and Duke of Parma (1847–1849).

Duke of Lucca employed homeopath Guiseppe Belluomini as his physician in 1846, and he also employed homeopaths Joseph Attomyr, Settimio Centamori, Georg von Necker, and Giacomo Antonio Tommasini, and in 1848, Lucca awarded Karl Friedrich Gottfried Trinks a Knightship of the Lucchesischen Order,

The Duke and his mother Maria Louisa established a homeopathic hospital with 40 beds under Anton Schmidt, who was employed as a homeopathic physician by Charles’s mother Maria Louisa Duchess of Lucca,

Charles provided a refuge for homeopath Christophe Hartung in 1843 (who was famous for the cure of a cancerous tumour in the eye of Johann Josef Wenzel Graf Radetzky von Radetz in 1841), and on 19 April 1848, when revolution broke out in Parma, Charles abdicated in favor of his son, who had himself escaped. Later, Austrian troops led by Johann Josef Wenzel Graf Radetzky von Radetz occupied the duchy and restored Charles II, though this was not to last…

Charles Louis was born in Madrid as the only son of Louis, Prince of Piacenza, son and heir of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, and his wife Infanta Maria Louisa of Spain, daughter of Charles IV of Spain.

In 1801, Charles Louis became Crown Prince of the newly created Kingdom of Etruria as heir to his father, whom Napoleon Bonaparte had made King of Etruria.

Of interest:

Franz Rudolf Benninger 1829? – 1887? MD was a German orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, and was the physician of the Carl III, Duke of Parma.

Benninger practiced in Graz, and in 1842, Benninger wrote Geschichtlicher Ueberblick der wichtigsten physiologischen Principien des Lebens.

Giovanni Ettore Mengozzi ?1811 – 1882

Giovanni Ettore Mengozzi ?1811 – 1882, was an Italian orthodox physician and Professor of Philosophy who converted to homeopathy, and was appointed by Pope Pius IX as Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Rome in 1848, he founded the Royal Homeopathic Institute of Naples in 1864, President of the the La Scuola Italica he founded in 1862,

Mengozzi wrote to Charles Darwin to praise his works, and on 15.12.1880, Charles Darwin accepted membership of Mengozzi’s La Scuola Italica, (http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/advanced-search?intercept=adv&as-type=letter&as-authorId=3296 – multiple letters. See also CD’s letter dated October 1880 http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F1970&viewtype=text&pageseq=1).  Continue reading Giovanni Ettore Mengozzi ?1811 – 1882

Pope Pius IX 1792 – 1878

Pope Pius IX 1792 – 1878, born Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti, was the longest reigning Pope in Church history, serving from 16 June 1846 until his death, a period of nearly 32 years.

Ferdinand Marie Vicomte de Lesseps was a negotiator for Pius IX,

Pope Pius IX also granted Alexandre Charge the Order of St. Gregory the Great for travelling to the South of Frace to treat a major cholera epidemic with homeopathy, and for the exceptional care he provided at this time,

In 1849-1864, at the request of his mentor Francois Magendie, Jean Paul Tessier conducted clinical trials into homeopathy at the St. Marguerite Hospital in Beaujohn in Paris, successfully treating pneumonia and cholera. The vitriolic attacks of the allopaths that resulted from the publication of these successful clinical trials into homeopathy were so atrocious they caused Pope Pius IX to come to Jean Paul Tessier’s defense. Pope Pius IX granted the Order of St. Gregory the Great to Jean Paul Tessier for his efforts,

In 1847, Francois Perrussel received a special apostolic letter from Pope Pius IX in remembrance of his work The Truth in Medicine Found and Demonstrated by the Laws of Universal Attraction,

Cesare Mattei was a friend and the homeopathic practitioner of Pope Pius IX (who had tried his remedies at the Santa Teresa Hospital at Rome), and he was made a Count by Pope Pius IX in honour of his achievements in electro homeopathy,

Pope Pius IX  promoted homeopath Giovanni Ettore Mengozzi to a Vatican Professorship, Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Rome in 1848,

Pope Pius IX awarded homeopath Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Fleischmann the Order of St. Gregory the Great in 1860,

Pope Pius IX postumously bestowed upon homeopath Father Augustus Muller the Apolistic Benediction in 1905

Pope Pius IX awarded Josephin Aime Peladan, the brother of Adrien Peladan (homeopath and associate of Samuel Hahnemann), the Order of Saint Sylvester,

Pope Pius IX sent Absolution to Giovanni Costa for placing himself in the hands of a homeopathic physician (Ladelci),

Continue reading Pope Pius IX 1792 – 1878

Aurelio Saffi 1819 – 1890

Aurelio Saffi 1819 - 1890Aurelio Saffi 1819 – 1890 was an Italian politician, active during the period of Italian unification.

Saffi was an Italian Professor at Oxford, who lived in *Naples where he most likely discovered homeopathy,

Saffi was a patient of John Rutherford Russell, a friend of Giuseppe Garibaldi, Giuseppe Mazzini and Thomas Carlyle (who recommended him to John Chapman, the Sterlings and to the Wedgwood family), Continue reading Aurelio Saffi 1819 – 1890

Augustus Bozzi Granville 1783 – 1872

British Foreign OfficeAugustus Bozzi Granville 1783 – 1872 MD, was an Italian orthodox physician, Lecturer in Chemistry at St. George’s Hospital Medical School, Physician to the Westminster General Dispensary, Editor of The Medical Intelligencer, and The London Medical and Physical Journal, Fellow of the Royal Society of Physicians, and he was a founding member of the Athanaeum, and President of the Westminster Medical Society, Vice President of the British Medical Society, living and working in London, who was open minded enough to conduct clinical trials into homeopathy.

Granville was a friend of Frederick Hervey Foster Quin, and he consulted Frederick Hervey Foster Quin about some of his cases: Continue reading Augustus Bozzi Granville 1783 – 1872

Scudery 1818 – 1881

ItalyScudery 1818? – 1881? MD was an Italian orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, a member of the Societe gallicane de medecine homœopathique,

Scudery was a colleague of Anfosso, Anniballi, Guiseppe Belluomini, Biginelli, Bondini, Bruschi,  Cajaro, Callisti, Crocetti, Gonfani, Cosmo Maria De Horatiis, Liuzzi, Monti, G Palmieri, Petrilli, Polagi, Rabatta, Francesco Romani, Rocco Rubini, Frederick Hervey Foster Quin, Sagliocchi, Saracco, Stephen Simpson, Sinibaldi, Francesco Taglianini, Thomas Uwins, Varni, Vianelli,

Scudery submitted cases and articles to various homeopathic publications,

Giacomo Antonio Tommasini 1768 – 1846

Giacomo Antonio Tommasini 1768 - 1846Giacomo Antonio Tommasini 1768 – 1846 MD, was a famous Italian orthodox physician, Secretary General to the Prefecture of Parma, Professor of Medicine at the University of Bologna, Professor of Clinical Medicine at Parma, President of the Societas Medica Chirurgica Bononiensis,

Tommasini was a supporter of homeopathy, a liberal and radical physician who founded the ‘new doctrine‘ in Italian medicine, and he was opposed to the smallpox vaccine,

Tommasini was the physician of Caroline of Brunswick (and he supported her at her trial), Giacomo Leopardi, Marie Louise Duchess of Lucca,

Tommasini was a colleague of Cosmo Maria De Horatiis, Continue reading Giacomo Antonio Tommasini 1768 – 1846

Cajaro 1821 – 1896

Bologne universityCajaro 1821? – 1896? MD was an Italian orthodox physician who converted to homeopathy, a member of the Societe gallicane de medecine homœopathique,

Cajaro was a colleague of Anfosso, Anniballi, Guiseppe Belluomini, Biginelli, Bondini, Bruschi,  Callisti, Crocetti, Gonfani, Cosmo Maria De Horatiis, Liuzzi, Monti, G Palmieri, Petrilli, Polagi, Rabatta, Francesco Romani, Rocco Rubini, Frederick Hervey Foster Quin, Sagliocchi, Saracco, Scudery, Stephen Simpson, Sinibaldi, Francesco Taglianini, Thomas Uwins, Varni, Vianelli,

Cajaro also practiced in Bologne alongside Alp, H Caronti, Franzoni, Monti, A Polagi, Francesco Taglianini, Varni, Vianelli,